Periodontal disease is an infection affecting the gum tissue, causing inflammation. The issue will not resolve on its own and can progress. This may lead to severe and irreversible dental problems without prompt treatment from a dental professional.
This disease affects approximately half of American adults in their lifetimes. But many individuals are not aware of the structural, aesthetic, and functional oral health risks that can accompany this issue, despite its prevalence. Elevate Dental Implant Center, a dental practice serving patients in Hanover, MD, describes each stage of periodontal disease and how your dentist can provide treatment for this issue.
4 Stages of Gum Disease
The earliest stage of periodontal disease is called gingivitis. This initial phase of the infection often presents with inflamed gum tissue.
Individuals will often notice bleeding, puffiness, and redness in their gums. Though these symptoms might occur due to harsh brushing techniques or other acute reasons, patients should contact their dental professionals for a periodontal disease screening if they persist.
Sometimes, patients might not have such visible symptoms. They should continue visiting their dentist for routine teeth cleanings and exams to protect their periodontal health. Gum disease is easiest to eradicate if caught and treated early.
Slight Periodontal Disease
Mild or slight periodontal disease refers to when the gum infection reaches the bone and begins causing structural damage. Dentists also call this stage of the disease periodontitis.
The inflamed gums begin to pull away from the teeth in this phase. This creates pockets where bacteria can better access the root of the tooth and the jawbone. Though your dentist can remove excess plaque and bacteria from these pockets with thorough cleaning techniques, this dental damage cannot be reversed.
Moderate Periodontal Disease
As gum disease remains untreated, the infection will continue to spread and harm your smile. The bone in the jaw will start to deteriorate, teeth may become loose in their sockets, and gums will continue to recede. Inflamed gum tissue can also impact the body’s inflammatory response, heightening a patient’s risk for other medical issues.
Advanced Periodontal Disease
Advanced periodontitis presents with significant bone loss, halitosis, and painful abscesses in the gums. This immense amount of dental damage puts patients at a major risk of tooth loss.
Once your dentist gets rid of the infection, you will likely require intensive restorative dental treatments to preserve your oral health. Your dental professional can use surgical solutions, like bone or gum grafting, to rebuild the stability of your smile after sustaining this level of deterioration.
Find Periodontal Disease Treatment in Hanover, MD
Elevate Dental Implant Center provides treatment for advanced periodontal disease and other dental concerns for patients in Hanover, MD. If you need oral surgery or permanent tooth replacement with dental implants, call our team of dental professionals. To schedule a consultation or appointment with our practice, contact our staff by phone at 410.205.4997 or reach our office online.